Monday, July 6, 2020

About Effective Communication in the Nursing Practice - 275 Words

About Effective Communication in the Nursing Practice (Essay Sample) Content: Effective communication in the Nursing PracticeStudentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s NameInstitutional AffiliationHallo Mariama, it is good to share what many patients experience when it comes to the most important nursing issue, which is communication. All nurses should be trained in proper communication models with patients both in normal and critical conditions. The assumption of language barrier has frustrated many patients and this has led to the accidental divulging to family members, patientsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ information that should not be privy to the public (MunÃÅ'Æ’oz et al., 2005). I appreciate that the hospital where you work realized this communication gap and implemented a telephone system that could translate message to the language understood by a patient. This initiative is commendable and your institution leadership is not only role model in the region but also a good example to the nursing institutions of learning. I am happy the communication system currently used in your workplace keeps privacy rights of patients from being infringed by medical practitioners (Marquis and Huston, 2006).Ngan, your presentation on what ails nursing practice is practical, and I have also experienced the same in hospitals I have visited. I will advise that all health sectors should learn the cultural practices of a given society. I would also suggest that all forces that may hinder proper interaction with the patients and their families should be recorded before any diagnosis is done to the patient. To avoid communication barriers, I would concur with your idea of ensuring that all elements of communication are properly represented to avoid communication barriers. I will also rely on your strategy of ensuring that the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s immediate relatives seek attorneyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s advice in case their rights are infringed. Finally, I would suggest that all information related to patie...

Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Beatlemania Girls Just Want to Have Fun - 1100 Words

Beatlemania: Girls Just Want to Have Fun (Term Paper Sample) Content: Beatlemania: Girls Just Want to Have FunNameProfessorInstitutionCourseDateIntroductionBeatlemania is an expression that has its origins in the 1960à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s. The term was invented to describe the frenzy of the fans of the British rock music band, The Beatles. The Beatles originated in the United Kingdom and had an enormous fan base. It was the first kind of band during the 60à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s to feature women.( Tessler,2010)The Beatles revolutionized the music industry and prompted the birth of youth culture. They transformed the style, attitude, sound and opened a new genre of rock music. They always experimented with a variety of genres including country, folk-rock, baroque pop among others.John Lennon, a member of the band in 1960, suggested changing the band name to Beatles as praise to buddy holly. They continued gaining popularity over the years although their popularity has reduced. (In 1960 the band had four members namely; John Lennon, who was a guitarist, Ring o Star bandà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s drummer, Paul McCartney, and George Harrison.George HarrisonHe was born on 25th February 1943 in Liverpool England. He was a songwriter, musician, singer, music and film producer. He played the guitar, sitar and also did vocals. He released several best selling singles as a solo performer. He featured as a guest guitarist on tracks by several artists and did collaborations on several songs by various artists. He died at the age of 58 in 2001 from lung cancer, and he was cremated and buried according to the Hindu tradition.Paul McCartneyHe was born James Paul McCartney on 18th June 1942 in Liverpool England. He was a songwriter, musician, film producer and businessman. He played the piano, the bass guitar, and he also did vocals. He was recognized as one of the most successful composers and performers of all time with a sale of over 100 million singles as a solo artist. He has also taken part in projects to promote international charities.Ringo StarHe was born Richard Starkey in7th July 1940 in Liverpool England. He was a drummer, singer, songwriter, actor, and producer. He plays the drums and does vocals as well. He gained global fame as the Beatles drummer. He joined the Beatles in 1962 and was inducted into the rock and roll hall of fame as a solo and a member of the Beatles.John LennonHe was born John Winston Lennon on the 9th of October 1940 in Liverpool England. He was a singer, record producer, a songwriter and an activist. He was the co-founder of the Beatles and also played the guitar, piano and did vocals. After the breakup, he did a number of solo albums and iconic songs. His songs were used as anthems by the anti-war movement, and there were several attempts to deport him in 1971 from Manhattan by Richard Nixonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s administration. He died in 1980 after being shot by one of his music deranged fan.The Beatles SuccessThey released their first single in 1963 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬I want to hold your hand,à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ and it rose to number one in the American charts only a month after its first play on the radio. They were a great turning point in history. Their image started to change, and they cut their hair in a style that they came to be famous for-mop top style.They built their reputation by playing their music in Liverpool. Their music was managed by Brian Epstein and produced by George Martin. Their music was mostly recorded by Abbey Road Studios in London. They began to be popular in Liverpool but due to the monotony of playing in the same clubs they decided to go to the United States. More than 5,000 fans greeted them at the New York airport, and they eventually established themselves when they made an appearance at the ED Sullivan show in America.( Tessler,2010)They had several albums top the charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other band. They have received ten Grammy awards, best original song score, an academy award and fifteen Ivor Novella awards. So far, they have been recognized as the best-selling band in history with over 600 million records globally. In 1988, it was installed in the rock and roll hall of fame.In 1965 the Beatles all four members were nominated by the then prime minister of Britain as members of the order of the British Empire and were appointed by Queen Elizabeth II. Although the honor was given out in protest as it was a reserve of the military veterans and civic leaders only.They then started making movies, and they hit a record four movies by 1970.In the Guinness book of records, they are holding a record as the highest selling artists ever. They became so popular that they no longer could do thei... Beatlemania Girls Just Want to Have Fun - 1100 Words Beatlemania: Girls Just Want to Have Fun (Term Paper Sample) Content: Beatlemania: Girls Just Want to Have FunNameProfessorInstitutionCourseDateIntroductionBeatlemania is an expression that has its origins in the 1960à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s. The term was invented to describe the frenzy of the fans of the British rock music band, The Beatles. The Beatles originated in the United Kingdom and had an enormous fan base. It was the first kind of band during the 60à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s to feature women.( Tessler,2010)The Beatles revolutionized the music industry and prompted the birth of youth culture. They transformed the style, attitude, sound and opened a new genre of rock music. They always experimented with a variety of genres including country, folk-rock, baroque pop among others.John Lennon, a member of the band in 1960, suggested changing the band name to Beatles as praise to buddy holly. They continued gaining popularity over the years although their popularity has reduced. (In 1960 the band had four members namely; John Lennon, who was a guitarist, Ring o Star bandà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s drummer, Paul McCartney, and George Harrison.George HarrisonHe was born on 25th February 1943 in Liverpool England. He was a songwriter, musician, singer, music and film producer. He played the guitar, sitar and also did vocals. He released several best selling singles as a solo performer. He featured as a guest guitarist on tracks by several artists and did collaborations on several songs by various artists. He died at the age of 58 in 2001 from lung cancer, and he was cremated and buried according to the Hindu tradition.Paul McCartneyHe was born James Paul McCartney on 18th June 1942 in Liverpool England. He was a songwriter, musician, film producer and businessman. He played the piano, the bass guitar, and he also did vocals. He was recognized as one of the most successful composers and performers of all time with a sale of over 100 million singles as a solo artist. He has also taken part in projects to promote international charities.Ringo StarHe was born Richard Starkey in7th July 1940 in Liverpool England. He was a drummer, singer, songwriter, actor, and producer. He plays the drums and does vocals as well. He gained global fame as the Beatles drummer. He joined the Beatles in 1962 and was inducted into the rock and roll hall of fame as a solo and a member of the Beatles.John LennonHe was born John Winston Lennon on the 9th of October 1940 in Liverpool England. He was a singer, record producer, a songwriter and an activist. He was the co-founder of the Beatles and also played the guitar, piano and did vocals. After the breakup, he did a number of solo albums and iconic songs. His songs were used as anthems by the anti-war movement, and there were several attempts to deport him in 1971 from Manhattan by Richard Nixonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s administration. He died in 1980 after being shot by one of his music deranged fan.The Beatles SuccessThey released their first single in 1963 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬I want to hold your hand,à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ and it rose to number one in the American charts only a month after its first play on the radio. They were a great turning point in history. Their image started to change, and they cut their hair in a style that they came to be famous for-mop top style.They built their reputation by playing their music in Liverpool. Their music was managed by Brian Epstein and produced by George Martin. Their music was mostly recorded by Abbey Road Studios in London. They began to be popular in Liverpool but due to the monotony of playing in the same clubs they decided to go to the United States. More than 5,000 fans greeted them at the New York airport, and they eventually established themselves when they made an appearance at the ED Sullivan show in America.( Tessler,2010)They had several albums top the charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other band. They have received ten Grammy awards, best original song score, an academy award and fifteen Ivor Novella awards. So far, they have been recognized as the best-selling band in history with over 600 million records globally. In 1988, it was installed in the rock and roll hall of fame.In 1965 the Beatles all four members were nominated by the then prime minister of Britain as members of the order of the British Empire and were appointed by Queen Elizabeth II. Although the honor was given out in protest as it was a reserve of the military veterans and civic leaders only.They then started making movies, and they hit a record four movies by 1970.In the Guinness book of records, they are holding a record as the highest selling artists ever. They became so popular that they no longer could do thei...

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Contribution of Sankardeva an Illustration from...

Contribution of Sankardeva: An illustration from Educational point of view Parag Rajkhowa Asstt. Professor, Department of Education Sibsagar College, Joysagar. â€Å"What Sankardeva alone was able to do now a day’s whole army of the English knowing cannot do?† M.K.Gandhi INTRODUCTION: All religious movements are generally accompanied with, and assisted by, the efflorescence of new literature, quickly with the very soul of the literature, quicking with the very soul of movement†¦show more content†¦He has adapted the original text to the local land and people and most importantly for the purpose of bhakti. Portions of the original were left out or elaborated where appropriate. For example, he suppressed the portions that revile the lowers castes of sudra and kaivartas, and extols them elsewhere. Drama (Ankia Nat) †¢ Cihna Yatra (lost) †¢ Patni-prasada †¢ Kalia-damana †¢ Keli-gopala †¢ Rukmini-harana †¢ Parijata-harana †¢ Srirama-vijaya Sankaradeva was the fountainhead of the Ankiya naat, a form of one-act play. In fact, his Cihna Yatra – staged by him when he was only 19 – is regarded as one of the first open-air theatrical performances in the world. Cihna yatra was probably a dance drama and no text of that show is available today. Innovations like the presence of a Sutradhara (narrator) on the stage, use of masks etc., were used later in the plays of Bertolt Brecht and other eminent playwrights. These cultural

Discuss the Role Non Verbal Communication Plays in the...

The ability to communicate with one another is of paramount importance to the success of the human race (Hartley, 1999). Communication is a dynamic process with the interacting components of sending and receiving information. Nonverbal cues may provide clarity or contradiction for a message being sent (Dunn, 1998). This is not to say that nonverbal forms of communication merely provide a modem of clarity for verbal communication, they can, and do, stand alone (Krauss et al, 1995). Facial expressions, body movements, gaze and posture can all be used to provide further emphasis to language communication or can be employed silently and still convey important messages (Danziger, 1976). This paper will discuss the role nonverbal†¦show more content†¦Palmer and Simmons (1995) argue that to conduct successful interpersonal relationships the ability to give and interpret nonverbal cues is of paramount importance because social constraints often hinder explicit verbal messages . If this statement is taken as fact, then what happens if an individual lacks such ability? This question can be tackled by looking at studies on individuals who have adequate verbal abilities but lack the ability to communicate nonverbally as the majority of society deems normal. Hobson (1997) argued that every human is born with a biologically based capacity for the perception of, and empathic responsiveness to, the bodily expressed feelings and attitudes of others. An exception to this rule can be found when looking at mental disorders. Bormann-Kischkel et al (1995) studied autistic infants and found that they appear to lack the basic components of emotional reactivity, which appear in normally developing infants within the first few months of life. Sorce et al (1985) noted that such a lack could interfere with the childs ability to learn via observing the caregivers nonverbal cues for danger and passivity. The parents of autistic children frequently report a lack of nonverbal communication basics very early on in development. Skills such as eye contact and facial expressiveness appear to be omitted (Farran and Kasari, 1990). Dunn (1995) further described autistic individuals as lacking almost all prosocialShow MoreRelatedWorkplace Mediation36362 Words   |  146 Pagespoor management, unfair treatment, poor communication, budgets, discrimination, Unrealistic work expectations Mushroom effect – no one knows what’s happening around here, bullying and harassment , overwork, favouritism, Stress and exclusion . These issues can affect not only work life, but personal life as well. Individuals experiencing workplace conflict may feel stressed, anxious, angry, and even depression. When employees are not getting along, the consequences can be costly. Productivity and efficiencyRead MoreChange Management49917 Words   |  200 Pagessupermarket chain in general retail, or is it a provider of financial services? Is the television merely a receiving device for broadcast 4 MBA –H4010 Organisational Development And Change messages or is it part of an integrated multi-media communications package? Is the airline a provider of transport or the seller of wines, spirits and fancy goods, or the agent for car hire and accommodation? 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

General Anxiety Disorder A Case Study Of A Two Year Old...

Introduction The following is a case study of a two-year-old male client, Charles Finster, Jr, also known as Chuckie, who suffers from anxiety disorder. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-Fifth Edition, general anxiety disorder is characterized by persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things. Chuckie is the son of Charles â€Å"Chas† Finster and the late Melinda Finster, who passed away a few months after Chuckie was born. Chuckie has red hair, buckteeth, freckles, and big, purple glasses. He is often seen hanging around his group of friends who range from ages 1 to 3, which makes him the second oldest in the group. He is the only baby in his group of friends without a mother, until he gets a stepmother, Kira, later on. Chuckie is a target of bullying, along with his friends, of the 3 year old. Description of the Problem Chuckie is an extremely shy and timid toddler. He likes to play it safe. He likes to be the voice of reason when his friends decide to partake in wild adventures, of which he usually disapproves. He never acts out on impulse and overanalyzes the consequences that come with his group’s actions before deciding to join them. Whenever they embark on an adventure, his catchphrases include, â€Å"Maybe this isn’t such a good idea!† and â€Å"We’re doomed, doomed I tell ya!† He does not have any physical health problems, but he does exhibit signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder. Chuckie is the known â€Å"scaredy-cat† of his group, and has aShow MoreRelatedGeneralized Anxiety Disorder ( Cbt )1530 Words   |  7 Pages Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Different Styles of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Tornike Rakviashvili University of Maryland Baltimore Co. The purpose of this paper is to examine different ways of using CBT in treating anxiety disorder. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is one of the most used approach in treating anxiety and depression. 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Fool For Love Essay - 1601 Words

DRAM 284-King Final Essay Cierra â€Å"CB† Cotton PID: 720209797 On my honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this examination. Essay Prompt: Do you prefer social drama, family drama, or alternative drama? Give an example of the genre you prefer and explain why that genre has contributed so much to twentieth and twenty-first century culture. Of the various and abundant facets of theatrical productions and genres; one could assert that family drama has been a crucial catalyst to the growth and change of the social structure in†¦show more content†¦It is quickly revealed, that in reality, her daily harpings and impossible expectations have severed her children’s trust and love for her. We know this because Tom retreats to the movies and Laura to her glass menagerie. This is exemplified in the last scene as follows. Amanda: (to Tom) where are you going? Tom: I’m going to the movies. Amanda: That’s right, now that you’ve had us make such fools of ourselves. The effort, the preparations, all the expense! The new floor lam, the rug, the clothes for Laura! All for what? To entertain some other girl’s fiancà ©! Go to the moves, go! Don’t think about us, a mother deserted, an unmarried sister, whose crippled and has no job! Don’t think about us, a mother deserted, an unmarried sister who’s crippled and has no job! Don’t let anything interfere with your selfish pleasure! Just go, go,Show MoreRelatedEssay on Fool for Love by Sam Sheppard595 Words   |  3 PagesIn the play of Fool for Love the director showed some major themes very well. The first major theme that was shown was how they showed the old man throughout the play. They showed the old man sitting a little bit off the stage in the dark. This gave people the idea that he was d ied and was a voice in Eddie’s and May’s mind. When the old man did talk they would put the spot light on him. Another major theme they showed well was how May felt when Eddie just appeared in her life again. They showed howRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s A Midsummer Night s Dream And Fool1401 Words   |  6 PagesThe Shakespearean fool is a recurring character type in the works of William Shakespeare. While their individual personalities and functions differ from play to play, the reoccurrence of the Shakespearean fool suggests that fools serve as an important institution of the Shakespearean stage. But what is the role of the Shakespeare’s fools in his works? And how do particular characteristics about these fools help them achieve this purpose? Through an in-depth analysis of Shakespeare’s arguably twoRead MoreBrilliant Folly: the Role of Feste1120 Words   |  5 PagesIn William Shakespeare s comedy Twelfth Night, it is ironic how many times the fool is said to be dishonest, when, in fact, his role proves entirely opposite. Though sometimes the characters do not realize his hidden messages, the reader can instantly comprehend Feste s figurative language, which is evident in every scene in which the fool appears. Whether he is singing to Orsino, arguing with Malvolio, or playing around with Viola, Feste always manages to sneak in a few symbolic foretokens beforeRead More Feste in William Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay1077 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night In William Shakespeares comedy Twelfth Night, it is ironic how many times the fool is said to be dishonest, when, in fact, his role proves entirely opposite. Though sometimes the characters do not realize his hidden messages, the reader can instantly comprehend Festes figurative language, which is evident in every scene in which the fool appears. Whether he is singing to Orsino, arguing with Malvolio, or playing around with Viola, Feste always manages toRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s King Lear1059 Words   |  5 Pagesback as king. Gender Roles are overturned when the three daughters became independent; they were in control of the kingdom and their husbands. Finally, the last role to be overturned is the traditional role of a fool which is supposed to be an entertainer for the king, however, the fool in King Lear became an adviser instead. The traditional noble role is usurped when Lear retires from his position as King and promotes two of his daughters to higher power which was unheard of at the time. LearRead MoreTwelfth Night Essay1134 Words   |  5 Pagespoints involving love, friendship, conflicts and confusion. Twelfth Night displays characters that are mad, in love, and desperate for love. Twelfth Night has many conflicts that occur because characters fail to listen to messages. Viola is a character who has just thought that her brother has died in a shipwreck that they were both in. Viola disguises herself as a man to seek employment under the Duke Orsino’s court. The confusion occurs, when Viola tells Orsino that she loves someone (Orsino),Read MoreThe Fools in Twelfth Night Essay1098 Words   |  5 PagesThe Fools of Twelfth Night  Ã‚        Ã‚  Ã‚   It is not unusual that the fool should be a prominent figure and make an important contribution in forming the confusion and the humor in an Elizabethan drama. In William Shakespeares comedy, Twelfth Night, Feste the clown is not the only fool who is subject to foolery. He and many other characters combine their silly acts and wits to invade other characters that either escape reality or live a dream. In Twelfth Night, Feste, Maria and Sir Toby are the foolsRead MoreThe Function of Disguise in Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare889 Words   |  4 Pagesbased around disguise and deception, both mental and physical. The deception leads to a lot of misunderstanding and subsequently, a lot of humour. The tale begins in Illyria with the Duke Orsino, who is suffering due to his unrequited love for the Lady Olivia. The Lady is also suffering from the recent loss of her brother and father, and currently wants nothing to do with the equally mournful Duke. A disguise is used for safety when a young character named Viola becomesRead More foolear A Fool for a King in William Shakespeares King Lear1081 Words   |  5 PagesA Fool for a King in King Lear     Ã‚   In Shakespeares play King Lear, the main character, King Lear, is presented as a respected and powerful king. As the story progresses the king loses his power because of his own stupidity and blindness. The tragedy of this play is shown chiefly through the actions of Lear’s daughters, which lead to Lear’s bout with insanity, and through the words of the Fool. At the beginning of the play, King Lear appears as a powerful and well-loved ruler. He explainsRead MoreEssay on A Midsummer Nights Dream: Comedy650 Words   |  3 Pagesbe the plays main fool. In addition, it is he who sends everyone on hard (but funny) adventures. Puck is a fool in the true sense of the word during the time of this play - someone that entertains for his master. It was Pucks job in this play to entertain the fairy king Oberon. I picture Puck as wearing a funny hat and pointed toe shoes. Another fool in this play would be Nick Bottom, but he is a fool in the present-day sense of the word. Bottom is not the type of fool who entertains his

Elasticity of Demand While Setting Prices-Samples for Students

Questions: 1.As a producer, why is it important to consider the price elasticity of demand of your product when setting the price you are going to charge? 2.Explain the difference between Comparative advantage an absolute advantage. Answers: 1.Price Elasticity of Demand Introduction Price elacticity of demand is defined as the the degree of responsiveness of a change in demand to a change in one of its determinants while other determinants remain unchanged. It is measured (Chauhan, 2009) Price Elasticity of Demand. Source: (Chauhan, 2009). Prepared by Author The Consideration of Elasticity of Demand while Setting Prices. Prices elasticity of demand is one the single most important factors to be taken into consideration while setting prices. If the price elasticity of a product is high, then even a slight increase in the prices will result in a large decrease in demand. Generally, goods will close substitutes (e.g: Coca Cola and Pepsi) and moderately luxury goods are highly price elastic. In such cases, producers may have to wary of increasing prices. In such situations, the increase in supply costs may have to be absorbed by producers to a great extent instead of passing it on to the consumers.(Baumol Blinder, 1991) On the other hand, if the price of a product is highly inelastic, then an increase or decrease in the prices does not affect the demand to a great extent. In general, the demand for everyday necessities is highly inelastic. For example, the price of sugar is highly inelastic in shortrun. Hence, even a high increase the prices will bring not result in a significant decrease in demand. In such cases, the increased costs may be transferred to consumers.(Baumol Blinder, 1991 2.Comparison of Absolute Advantage and Comparative Advantage The terms absolute advantage and comparative advantage are used in context of international trade within the of process of decision making regarding which products or services must be produced in order to maximize output. However, the ideas can be generalized for individuals and firms too. Absolute Advantage Absolute advantage is the advantage a country or a firm may have in producing a good or service that it can produce at the lowest input costs and by using the minimum amounts of resources as compared to its competitors. (Mankiw, 2001) Comparative Advantage Comparative advantage refers to the ability of a country to produce goods at a lower opportunity cost.(Tucker, 2010) .Comparative advantages generally arise from specialization of skills or can be gained if a factors of production is present in abundance.Comparative advantages are generally ascribed to supply side differences between countries in their technologies (as in the Ricardian Model) or in their factors endowments (as in the Hecksher Ohlin Theory).(Maneschi, 1998) According to Ricardo, gains from trade are based only on comparative advantage. Hence, countries or firms should produce goods and services that they have a comparative advantage in. (Mankiw, 2001) Hence, while making decisions regarding which product or service to specialize in, a country or firm must evaluate its comparative advantage. (Tucker, 2010) Example Source (Mankiw, 2001). Adapted by Author. John and Gary both have skills in painting as well as in doing wall papers. The following are their outputs in each task per day. Output per Week Painting Wall Paper John 20 5 Gary 10 4 John has absolute advantage in painting as well as doing wall papers. However, to paint every room, John, gives up the production of wall paper in (5/20 = 0.25) 0.25 rooms. This is Johns opportunity cost for painting. Similarly, Gary has an opportunity cost for painting of (10/4= 0.4) 0.4 wallpapers. Thus, John has comparative advantage for painting. If they work without specializing in any task: Table 1: Output Without Specialization in 3.5 days John Gary Rooms Painted Rooms wall papered Rooms Painted Rooms wall papered 10 2.5 5 2 If John and Gary were to specialize in services they had a comparative advantage in, then: Table 2: Trade with Specialization in half a week John Gary Rooms Painted Rooms wall papered Rooms Painted Rooms wall papered 14 1.5 2.5 3 Diagram 1 : Output and changes in output for Gary and John for 3.5 days Hence, Total Consumption with Specialization and trade would be: Table 3 Total Output due to specialization Rooms Painted Wall papers Trade without specialization 15 4.5 Trade with specialization 16.5 4.5 Diagram 2 Total Output for 3.5 weeks The benefits of specialization for Gary and John are as follows Table 4: Individual Output with specialization and trade John Gary Rooms Painted Rooms wall papered Rooms Painted Rooms wall papered 14-3 = 11 1.5 +1= 2.5 2.5 +3 = 5.5 3 -1 =2 Bibliography Baumol, W. J., Blinder, A. S. (1991). Microeconomics: Principles and Policy. Chauhan, S. (2009). MICROECONOMICS: Theory and Applications, Part 1. New Delhi: PHI. Maneschi, A. (1998). Comparative Advantage in International Trade: A Historical Perspective. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. Mankiw, G. ( 2001). Principles of Micro economics, 2nd Edition. Orlando, FL USA: Harcourt Brace Company. Tucker, I. (2010). Microeconomics for Today 6th Edition. Mason OH, USA: Cengage Learning